This NAMA is intended to reduce emissions from vehicles, which have a high potential for operations related emissions. This is a policy NAMA, which is important due to the type, age and condition of imported vehicles in Uganda. The NAMA will also target operation and use through the lifecycle of the vehicles. This policy is needed in Uganda because of the high possibility for economic growth and prosperity that will lead to increased vehicle importation and use.
The rapidly growing consumption of fossil fuels due to increases in vehicle ownership is changing Uganda’s carbon dioxide trajectory in the transport sector. The growth of vehicles is occurring in a mainly unregulated and unplanned manner. A lack of capacity within government and among potential partners to undertake the required analysis to support development of a sound policy framework further limits progress in this area.
The private sector will continue to play a major role in providing public transport in addition to private modes and commercial goods vehicles. This has implications on the importation of vehicles and emissions that is the rationale for periodic inspection to ensure that vehicles are within the target limits of allowable emissions. This NAMA is justified given the long-term goals of NDP and projected growth of the economy.
This NAMA is one component of the larger NAMA, Fuel Efficiency in Motor Vehicles. The larger NAMA would implement a Fuel Efficiency Initiative that includes the development of policies and regulations to promote the use of more efficient vehicles. As such, this vehicle inspection action can be developed as part of the larger Fuel Efficiency Initiative NAMA or undertaken as a discrete NAMA.
As a policy NAMA with a suite of strategies, this NAMA will involve two types of inspection. The Pre-Shipment Inspection (PVOC) done in collaboration with agencies of the exporting countries. The second is the periodic inspection and certification for roadworthiness done in the country. Both inspection points will be based on indicators such as: vehicle age, engine type, fuel capacity, year of manufacture. The PVOC methodology can be utilized by different agencies, both public and private. An annual inspection requirement that certifies vehicles operating in the country is another strategy for this policy NAMA. The NAMA will initially require investment by government and other agencies involved in inspection but will gradually become self-financing since vehicle users will be charged. As part of the suite of strategies, vehicle write-off at inspection is the targeted measure to put highly emitting vehicles off the road. The NAMA will also promote technologies that enable reduction of emissions as vehicles age.