National Climate Change Policy approved in 2012 outlines goals and strategies to achieve targets in the Adaptation and Mitigation sectors. It guides the implementing agencies to exploit clean energy sources (i.e. alternative and renewable energy resources) to generate electricity, improve efficiency of currently installed thermal power plants, improve efficiency of the national grid system and deploy AREs for domestic uses.
Moreover, Policy of Development of Renewable Energy for Power Generation, 2006 has been announced by the Government of Pakistan to attract private sector investment for developing clean ARE power projects with objectives of sustainable development, energy security, environmental protection and socio-economic uplift. The Power Policy 2013 of the Government of Pakistan (GoP) emphasises development of AREs for providing inexpensive and clean electricity to every household in Pakistan with deep interest of reducing GHG emissions. Please describe the national and international climate policy context: Describe the current framework for addressing climate change in the target country. Please include a description of the country’s mitigation strategy and plans to address climate change. Specify whether/how national targets relate to international agreements, especially to emission reduction pledges.
Pakistan is currently categorized as non-Annex-I country that does not have any binding to reduce GHG emissions. However, as a commitment to play a role in the global GHG emission reduction initiatives, GoP in its plans has keen interest to set up ARE power projects.The GoP, in its long term plans i.e. upto 2030, is targeting to set up around 15 GW ARE power through different applications in different parts of the country. This will result in increasing share of AREs in the energy mix from zero to around 12%.
This NAMA is designed for supporting development of solar power projects in Pakistan. Solar energy, with its 106 MW installed capacity is currently at nascent stage in the country. GoP has ambitious plans to bring installed capacity of solar power to a level of more than 3,200 MW in next five years. GoP is seeking private sector investment to meet this target.