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NS-240 - National Solar Water Heating Programme

Zimbabwe

NAMA Seeking Support for Preparation

  • A Overview
    • A.1Party
      A.2Title of Mitigation Action

      This field is limited by 200 characters.

      A.3Description of mitigation action

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      The National Solar Water Heating Programme was launched on 30 September 2015.Currently the building related sector comprising domestic households, institutional and commercial services is the largest electricity consumer and it consumes 35% of electricity usage in Zimbabwe. Most households in Zimbabwe use electricity for water heating and this consume about 40% of electricity. Replacing electric geysers with solar geysers will reduce electricity consumption by households, institutions and commercial services sectors by up to 40% resulting in indirect reduced greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) from coal combustion at coal power plants and direct GHS reductions from standby diesel and petrol generators which are used to provide electricity during periods of load shedding caused by electricity shortages. Some building occupants resort to use of wood, paraffin, ethanol gel and LPG for water heating during periods of load shedding. Although gel is carbon neutral, its use is negligible country wide due to its cost while use of wood may result in deforestation which destroy our carbon sinks. Use of LPG result in lower emissions compared to use of paraffin. Installation of solar water heaters will result in reduction of GHG emissions from use of paraffin and LPG.

      The need to embark on the programme was necessitated by the fact that the country faces shortages of electricity and currently produces more than 50% of its electricity from coal-fired thermal power plants resulting in production of GHG emissions. In view of this the Government of Zimbabwe has decided to implement a domestic solar water heating programme to boost energy supply as well as to reduce carbon emissions.

      The programme consists of a pilot and full implementation phases. The pilot phase seeks to retrofit 1000 domestic electric geysers with solar water heaters in 1,000 households. About 3.4GWh of electricity and 3,509 tCO2eq of carbon emissions will be reduced below business as usual after replacing 1,000 electric geysers with solar water heating systems. Successful implementation of the pilot phase will be followed by a country wide rollout of solar water heating programme in which about 823,000 solar water heaters for the following ten years. The lessons learnt from the pilot phase will be applied to ensure effective and efficient full implementation of the solar water heating rollout project. The success factors will be applied as they are while measures will be taken to avoid the challenges encountered in the pilot project. The full rollout of the solar water heating programme will mitigate about 2,888,080 tCO2eq annually below the business as usual scenario.

      A.4Sector





      A.5Technology









      A.6Type of action




      A.7Greenhouse gases covered by the action




  • B National Implementing Entity
    • B.1.0Name
      B.1.1Contact Person 1
      B.1.2Address
      B.1.3Phone
      B.1.4Email
      B.1.5Contact Person 2
      B.1.6Address
      B.1.7Phone
      B.1.8Email
      B.1.9Contact Person 3
      B.1.10Address
      B.1.11Phone
      B.1.12Email
      B.1.13Comments

      This field is limited by 5000 characters.

      The cost of preparation stated above is justified by the fact that there is need to hire an international consultant to prepare a full NAMA proposal. The amount will be split between paying for consultant services and costs of consultative meetings
      Add Additional Entity
  • C Expected timeframe for the preparation of the mitigation action
    • C.1Number of months for completion
  • D Currency
    • D.1Used Currency
      Conversion to USD: 1
  • E Cost
    • E.1.1Estimated full cost of preparation
      Conversion to USD: 500,000
      E.1.2Comments on full cost of preparation

      This field is limited by 5000 characters.

      The cost of preparation stated above is justified by the fact that there is need to hire an international consultant to prepare a full NAMA proposal. The amount will be split between paying for consultant services and costs of consultative meetings
  • F Support required to prepare the mitigation action
    • F.1.1Amount of Financial support
      Conversion to USD: 500,000
      F.1.2Type of required Financial support





      F.1.3Comments on Financial support

      This field is limited by 5000 characters.

      The cost of preparation stated above is justified by the fact that there is need to hire an international consultant to prepare a full NAMA proposal. The amount will be split between paying for consultant services and costs of consultative meetings

      F.2.1Amount of Technical support
      Conversion to USD: 350,000
      F.2.2Comments on Technical support

      This field is limited by 5000 characters.

      F.3.1Amount of capacity building support
      Conversion to USD: 150,000
      F.3.2Type of required capacity building support


      F.3.3Comments on Capacity Building support

      This field is limited by 5000 characters.

      Need for capacity building on institutional arrangements for NAMA implementation and MRV.

  • G Relevant National Policies strategies, plans and programmes and/or other mitigation action
    • G.1Relevant National Policies

      This field is limited by 5000 characters.

      The project will be implemented as part of the Zimbabwe Agenda for Sustainable Socio-Economic Transformation’s (ZimASSET) 300MW electricity saving options by 2018 and as one of Zimbabwe’s INDCs and Third National Communication to UNFCCC climate change mitigation options. ZimASSET is Zimbabwe’s economic blue print. A national energy efficiency study funded by the Zimbabwe Energy Regulatory Authority(ZERA) and completed in July 2015 found that the country has a potential to save 2,130GWh of electricity and a total of 13,959GWh energy (electricity, coal, diesel, petrol, wood, LPG and paraffin) annually. A number of energy conservation activities and fuel switching projects were identified. These will reduce energy consumption resulting in reduced GHG emissions.

      Besides solar water heating the other mitigation projects which Zimbabwe is implementing or planned to implement are:

      1. Fixture relamping of 250W mercury vapour street lights with 90W LED flood lights in the City of Harare. All of the installed LED lamps are being powered by solar modules. This reduces GHG emission and also contributes to improved energy security.

      2. Voluntary energy audits and implementation of energy management opportunities by companies affiliated to Confederation of Zimbabwe Industries in collaboration with the Swedish Government.

      3. Installation of prepaid meters has resulted in significant reduction in household electricity usage as households are able to manage electricity on their own. The government plan to have 800,000 prepaid meters in households and commercial by 2018.

      4. Increased usage of alternative forms of energy such as solar PV, hydro and biogas digesters.  The national biogas project which is being implemented for institutions, household and farms has a target of 1,250 new biogas plants to be installed by 2018. The nation has plans to have 100MW total capacity for solar PV being initiated and installed by 2018. Currently solar mini-grids are being installed by a number of Non-Governmental Organizations and the Rural Electrification Fund. A number of mini and micro hydro schemes have been constructed and more have been planned for construction. There are also plans to incorporate generation of electricity on all irrigation dams. A cost of supply study was conducted by ZERA in 2013 to enable ZERA to come up with renewable energy feed-in tariffs.  The nation has witnessed a number of private players registering to set up renewable energy power plants to feed electricity into the grid due to attractive feed-in tariffs.

      5. Blending petrol with ethanol. Currently the country is using E10 and E15 but plans are there to reach E20 by 2018.
      G.2Link to other NAMAs
  • H Attachments
  • I Support received
    • I.1Outside the Registry

      This field is limited by 5000 characters.

      No support has been received. This is the first time the country seeks to get financial support from UNFCCC programmes of this nature.
      I.2Within the Registry
      Support providedSupportTypeAmountCommentDate
      No records to display.
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