- A Overview
|Title of Mitigation Action
|Description of mitigation action
The overall purpose of the NAMA is to contribute in combating the effects of climate change through mitigating GHG-emissions from fossil fuel burning, as well as to contribute to sustainable development benefits such as poverty alleviation, access to clean and sustainable energy and income generation. This will be done by establishing renewable energy electrification solutions in the interior enabling income-generating activities and thus leading to sustainable development in rural Suriname.
The Government of Suriname is committed to tackle the significant disparity between the coastal zone and the interior in Suriname -where the interior faces significantly higher levels of deprivation, including access to services such as electricity - by bringing renewable energy solutions to the interior, such as PV mini-grids as they are a key factor to stabilize sustainable development in rural Suriname and at the same time contribute in combating the effects of climate change through mitigating GHG-emissions from fossil fuel burning.
The NAMA area consist of two villages in the interior along the eastern border of Suriname which are projected as model townships, named Snesikondre and Stoelmanseiland. Together with small communities living on the nearby low lying scattered small islands which are also part of the NAMA area, the total population is about 6000-8000 people. These two main villages and most of the small communities on the low lying scattered small islands have an existing fossil-fuel based off-grid system.
The NAMA covers a Readiness component and an Implementation component. The Readiness component aims at measures to strengthen the country’s regulatory and policy framework as well as building national capacities and skills for the NAMA programme. The second component, focuses on the implementation of the NAMA through two interventions A and B, supplemented with building capacity and awareness programs. Under intervention A, two hybrid mini-grids (solar-diesel), and two Rural Productivity Zones (RPZ) will be established. The hybrid mini-grids will provide electricity for lightning, cooling (fridge), phone charging, and TV/ radio as well as for services and production activities in the RPZ. The RPZ will be supported by rural women organizations. In the NAMA area, rural women are the backbone of sustainable community livelihoods. Intervention B comprises of four ground mounted solar plants connected to the existing mini grids. Thus creating a hybrid system based on diesel-solar serving facilities such as schools, medical centers and churches. In addition, solar shops will be established on small islands with no facilities and very small communities, providing household energy access services (phone charging, battery charging and swapping, portable light charging) and information and communication services (internet, printing, TV, phone, banking).
The NAMA will enhance the socio-economic development in the interior of Suriname through both interventions which allow for income-generating activities which in turn create business opportunities for the population in the targeted area.
The NAMA will stimulate participation of the private sector by creating a regulatory, policy and market environment that enables public-private-partnership (PPP) activities in the renewable energy (RE) sector.
|Type of action
|Greenhouse gases covered by the action
- B National Implementing Entity
- C Expected timeframe for the implementation of the mitigation action
- D Currency
|Conversion to USD: 1
- E Cost
|Estimated full cost of implementation
|Comments on full cost of implementation
The NAMA finance model is designed to be sustainable and affordable, accepted by the private sector, and to leverage as much private sector investment as possible with limited donor resources. Hence, the full cost of implementation includes not only extensive capacity development, but also a Rural Electrification Fund to catalyze the national and international finance to result in project implementation by public/private sector.
|Estimated incremental cost of implementation
|Comments on estimated incremental cost of implementation
- F Support required for the implementation the mitigation action
|Amount of Financial support
|Type of required Financial support
|Comments on Financial support
Total amount of Financial support is expected to be US$9,988,000.
Support is required to cover the total cost for policy development and capacity building as well as for the full implementation of both interventions. The international contribution is expected to be US$ US$ 9,988,000.
|Amount of Technological support
|Comments on Technological support
Technical support is included in both the Readiness component as well as the Implementation component.
|Amount of capacity building support
|Type of required capacity building support
|Comments on Capacity Building support
The Readiness Component includes measures such as technical assistance activities requiring external expertise and assistance, and capacity-building activities that build national capacities and skills for the NAMA programme. The Readiness Component will be undertaken during the first three years of implementing the NAMA and will be aimed at beginning the process of strengthening the country’s regulatory and policy framework. These activities will promote credibility and viability instrumental to securing donor funding.
The capacity development needs in the Readiness Component are to ensure a smooth implementation of the interventions A + B and their activities. Thus, capacity building, technical assistance and awareness trainings for the institutions involved, including government ministries and the private sector, are needed. Campaigns, workshops and trainings will be conducted to create awareness among stakeholders (including local people) about clean energy in rural Suriname.
Capacity building is also a key component in the implementation of the NAMA in addition to technical assistance, as the aim is to implement technically sound projects.
- G Estimated emission reductions
|Additional imformation (e.g. if available, information on the methodological approach followed)
The GHG emission reductions which will be achieved by the NAMA interventions are calculated by comparing actual (project) emissions with the emissions under a baseline scenario.
The system boundary of the project activity is defined by the intervention of hybrid mini grids; thus the project boundary encompasses the hybrid mini grids, the source of electricity generation and the consumer of the electricity. The total GHG emission reductions of this NAMA in a given year y (ERy) are the sum of the emissions reductions achieved through implementation of both interventions (A + B).
The determination of the GHG emission baseline is based on the UNFCCC “Small-scale Methodology AMS-III.BL: Integrated methodology for electrification of communities” version 01.0 (UNFCCC, 2015). This methodology is applicable in situations where consumers that were supplied with electricity from a fossil based individual energy system or fossil fuel based mini-grid prior to the implementation of the project are supplied with electricity from the project activity (e.g. moving from carbon intensive mini-grid to less carbon intensive grid or mini grid). The NAMA Implementation phase represents such a situation and project activity.
This methodology is applicable to electrification of a community of consumers which is achieved through the following technology/measure that is applicable on the project activity, namely ‘Hybridization of existing fossil fuel powered mini-grids using renewable energy systems’.
Within this methodology, the issue of ‘suppressed demand’ is taken into consideration. To take account of suppressed demand, the parties to the UNFCCC asked the Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism to explore the possibility of including in the baseline a scenario where future anthropogenic emissions by sources are projected to rise above current levels, due to the specific circumstances of the host party (UNFCCC, 2012). This principle can be specifically applied to the methodology AMS-III.BL. In this case, basic human needs are not met, as the households within the NAMA area only have access to electricity for short time periods, thereby only partially meeting the basic lighting demands of the household (UNFCCC, 2012).
In the case of Suriname, the application of suppressed demand translates into the baseline scenario assuming that all people’s basic human needs are met through the use of the fossil fuel technologies as previously mentioned.
The baseline emissions are calculated through classification of the consumers, determining the consumption of each consumer type and baseline emissions of each consumer type and sub-group.
Taken into account that the villages/ communities within the NAMA area have different load factors, an average emission factor of 1.0 is calculated based on the capacity of the diesel generators in these communities.
- H Other indicators
|Other indicators of implementation
The indicators below will be used to monitor the targets and estimate the NAMA’s impacts on electricity access, renewable energy/GHG emission reductions and reaching the SD indicators. Both Ministries of Regional Development and Natural Resources are responsible for the monitoring of the indicators. The total impact of both NAMA Interventions A + B is the sum of all implemented mini grids.
Monitoring Indicators for NAMA impact are:
- Installed Capacity for each hybrid mini grid system
- Proxy RE technology
- Annual electricity production from each plant
- Annual GHG saving- avoidance
- Number of public buildings electrified
- Number of households electrified
- Number of people with access to RE electricity
- Number of educational institutions electrified
- Number of new income/generating activities (enterprises)
- Number of new jobs (total)
- Number of new jobs for women
The coordination and management of the NAMA requires an institutional structure which will be embedded in national and sectoral policies and strategies. The institutional arrangement for this NAMA will be effective in order to avoid conflicts between institutions and to ensure all important aspects, such as roles and responsibilities, are addressed. The institutional structure for the NAMA in Suriname will coordinate and manage the process of implementation and will be built on existing organizational systems which are already in place, making a smooth implementation of the NAMA possible.
The institutional structure for the NAMA shall include the following institutional bodies at the country level:
(i) NAMA National Focal Point or National NAMA Approver (NA);
(ii) NAMA Coordinating Authority (NCA);
(iii) NAMA Implementing Entity (NIE);
(iv) NAMA Executing Entities (NEEs).
- I Other relevant information
|Other relevant information including co-benefits for local sustainable development
Sustainable Development (SD) indicators are also present in the MRV of the NAMA. The selection of the SD indicators was done using the Sustainable Development Evaluation Tool (SD Tool) developed by UNDP (UNDP MDG Carbon, 2014). The SD Tool divides the SD indicators into four different domains: social, growth and development, economic, and institutional.
For ‘Social (Environment)’ the indicators ‘Livelihood’, ‘Poverty alleviation’ and ‘Peace’ are used. For ‘Growth’ the following indicators are used: ‘Access to clean and sustainable energy’, ‘Health’, and ‘Education and Empowerment of women’. For ‘Economic’ the following indicators are used: ‘Income generation/expenditure reduction/ balance of payments’ and ‘Job creation (number of men and women employed)’. For ‘Institution’ the indicator ‘Policy and planning’ and ‘Land and regulation’ are used.
Monitored SD parameters are:
- Number of households with access to RE
- Number of health clinics electrified
- Number of schools electrified
- Number of new jobs for women
- Share of household income spent on electricity
- Number of new jobs per household
- Number of capacity development workshops and awareness raising campaigns
- National Coordinating Authority (NCA) organisation structure
- Overall operation management system NCA
- NAMA Implementing Entity (NIE) operation management system
- NAMA executing entities (NEE) operation management system
The monitoring period is defined for 15 years from starting after implementation of both interventions. With this NAMA, the GoS wishes to initiate a transformational change in the rural energy sector, but monitoring the major impacts of scaling-up and replicating good practices over whole of rural Suriname is only possible over a medium and long-term perspective.
- J Relevant National Policies strategies, plans and programmes and/or other mitigation action
|Relevant National Policies
Suriname’s NDC 2020 - 2030
The NDC includes mitigation actions in four out of six emitting sectors: forests, electricity, agriculture, and transport. Together they cover an estimated 70 % of the country’s emissions. For the energy-sector the conditional measures are: 1) Share of electricity from renewable sources is above 35 % by 2030. 2) Adoption of a Renewable Energy Act to provide the legal, economic and institutional basis for the promotion of the use of renewable energy resources, including as part of rural electrification and the connection of off-grid systems to the national grid, and in the form of solar PV systems, mini-grids, and micro- and small-scale hydropower plants.
Policy Development Plan 2017-2021
With regards to energy, the OP aims at the following:
The longer-term goal is that the electricity sector functions within the legal framework as set and in line with the national electricity strategy and national generation sources identified therein, supplies sustainable electricity to families, companies and other buyers at the lowest possible prices.
- Energy access for everyone in the country.
- Promoting energy efficiency.
- Stimulating the use of renewable energy.
Suriname’s Energy Policy Plan 2013 – 2033
The National Energy Policy enables Suriname to develop a green and sustainable economy through wide-scale renewable energy penetration. The Policy also details the strategies that need to be implemented to ensure effective promotion of conservation and efficiency in the use of energy resources amongst all sectors of the society, thereby creating a more sustainable Suriname. In addition, full implementation of the National Energy Policy would ensure that, by 2033, all citizens have access to energy and there is energy security advancing the economy of the country, contributing to international competitiveness and a marked reduction in poverty.
Integrated Rural Development Program 2017-2021
The Integrated Rural Development Program is primarily focused on rural development and decentralization. Rural development encompasses important aspects such as : agriculture & agribusiness, infrastructure, eco-tourism, small- and medium enterprises, microfinancing, energy & potable water, waste management, education & healthcare. The ultimate goals of the Program are ending poverty, securing food security and safety, promoting inclusive and sustainable economic growth and combating climate change. With the development of the strategic Town centers in 4 areas including Stoelmanseiland and Snesi Kondre, the Government of Suriname aims at improving the living conditions of the local community by community based productivity spurring economic growth and creating job opportunities.
|Link to other NAMAs
- K Attachments
|Suriname Second NDC 2020.pdf
| Suriname’s NDC 2020 - 2030 The NDC includes mitigation actions in four out of six emitting sectors: forests, electricity, agriculture, and transport. Together they cover an estimated 70 % of the country’s emissions. For the energy-sector, the conditional measures are: 1) Share of electricity from renewable sources is above 35 % by 2030. 2) Adoption of a Renewable Energy Act to provide the legal, economic and institutional basis for the promotion of the use of renewable energy resources, including as part of rural electrification and the connection of off-grid systems to the national grid, and in the form of solar PV systems, mini-grids, and micro-and small-scale hydropower plants.
|Policy Development Plan 2017-2021 With regards to energy, the OP aims at the following: -Energy access for everyone in the country. -Promoting energy efficiency. -Stimulating the use of renewable energy. The longer-term goal is that the electricity sector functions within the legal framework as is set and in line with the national electricity strategy and national generation sources identified therein supplies sustainable electricity to families, companies, and other buyers at the lowest possible prices.
- L Support received
|Outside the Registry
|Within the Registry