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NS-314 - NAMA of the Hydropower development in Ecuador NAMA-DCH (for its acronym in Spanish)

Ecuador

NAMA Seeking Support for Implementation

  • A Overview
    • A.1Party
      A.2Title of Mitigation Action
      A.3Description of mitigation action
      The NAMA DCH will contribute to climate change mitigation by displacing thermal generation in the National Interconnected System (SNI, for its acronym in Spanish) through hydropower development, including projects both currently functioning and those planned in the Master Plan of Electrification (PME, for its acronym in Spanish) which is developed annually with a 10 years horizon.

      The NAMA DCH considers the construction and operation of eight prioritized projects until 2017 which amount a total installed capacity of 2,832 MW. In addition, the implementation of other hydroelectric and non-conventional renewable energy power plants (wind, solar and geothermal) considered in the PME, represent nearly 3,604 MW of installed capacity. Regarding the emission reductions calculation for this NAMA, the Software “Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System” (LEAP) was used. The estimated greenhouse gas reduction could be as high as 85,6 million tons of CO2 equivalent (MtCO2eq), during 2016-2025. Through the NAMA DCH, the share of renewable electricity generation in Ecuador will increase from 43% to 90% in 2025.
      A.4Sector





      A.5Technology









      A.6Type of action




      A.7Greenhouse gases covered by the action




  • B National Implementing Entity
    • B.1.0Name
      B.1.1Contact Person 1
      B.1.2Address
      B.1.3Phone
      B.1.4Email
      B.1.5Contact Person 2
      B.1.6Address
      B.1.7Phone
      B.1.8Email
      B.1.9Contact Person 3
      B.1.10Address
      B.1.11Phone
      B.1.12Email
      B.1.13Comments
      B.2.0Name
      B.2.1Contact Person 1
      B.2.2Address
      B.2.3Phone
      B.2.4Email
      B.2.5Contact Person 2
      B.2.6Address
      B.2.7Phone
      B.2.8Email
      B.2.9Contact Person 3
      B.2.10Address
      B.2.11Phone
      B.2.12Email
      Add Additional Entity
  • C Expected timeframe for the implementation of the mitigation action
    • C.1Number of years for completion
      C.2Expected start year of implementation
  • D Currency
    • D.1Used Currency
      Conversion to USD: 1
  • E Cost
    • E.1.1Estimated full cost of implementation
      Conversion to USD: 11,718,000
      E.1.2Comments on full cost of implementation
      In accordance with PME 2013-2022, the renewable energy generation expansion budget is 6,043.57 million dollars. The NAMA DCH includes the construction and operation of other hydroelectric power stations such as Paute Cardenillo and  Santiago G8 (currently no financial resources support) with a cost of 1,135 and 3,500 million dollars respectively.
      E.2.1Estimated incremental cost of implementation
      Conversion to USD: 4,687,000
      E.2.2Comments on estimated incremental cost of implementation
  • F Support required for the implementation the mitigation action
    • F.1.1Amount of Financial support
      Conversion to USD: 4,687,000
      F.1.2Type of required Financial support





      F.1.3Comments on Financial support
      The NAMA DCH is open to several solutions regarding the financing of the hydropower projects as indicated in F.1.2. This amount includes: an Integrated watershed management plan, a Coordination Unit, a MRV System, and the construction of the Cardenillo and Santiago G8 hydroelectric plants.

      The Coordination Unit will be the entitiy responsible for carrying out the MRV System reports and the NAMA implementation  process. Additionally it will be responsible for calculating the mission factor of the National Grid.

      1. Capacity building F.3.1 (Integrated watershed management plan) : 50 MUSD
      2. Coordination Unit and MRV System: 2 MUSD
      3. Construction of the Paute Cardenillo hydroelectric power station:  1,135 MUSD
      4. Construction of the Santiago G8 hydroelectric power stations:  3,500 MUSD

      Capacity building support: 2 MUSD
      F.2.1Amount of Technological support
      F.2.2Comments on Technological support
      The amount of technological support is include in F.1.3
      F.3.1Amount of capacity building support
      Conversion to USD: 50,000,000
      F.3.2Type of required capacity building support


      F.3.3Comments on Capacity Building support
      The strengthening of capacities and territorial planning related to the climate, as well as the management of knowledge through training and sensitization, are very important stages for the implementation of an integrated watershed management plan. The amount requested will be used specifically for the development of specific strategies on matters related to: intervention and conservation of moors, agropastoral and silvopastoral systems, forest preservation and restoration, implement sustainable practices for prevention and control of erosion.

      The quality and quantity of water available for hydroelectric generation depends mainly on watershed management practices, from the highlands to lowland areas. For this reason, it should be considered an Integrated watershed management plan for PME hydroelectric projects. In accordance with the project “Analysis of the vulnerability of emblematic hydroelectric plants”, the implementation of a set of measures will cost 5 million dollars approximately, in a short term (5 years) per hydroelectric plant (8 emblematic, Cardenillo and Santiago G8 hydropower plants).
  • G Estimated emission reductions
    • G.1Amount
      G.2Unit
      G.3Additional imformation (e.g. if available, information on the methodological approach followed)
      Each scenario analysis and the specific considerations considered in the energy sector are developed using the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning Systems (LEAP) program.

      The Business as Usual (BAU) scenario was built according to the trend projection of emissions growth based on information from the National Energy Balance (BEN, for its acronym in Spanish) during 2011 to 2015 period.

      The mitigation scenario includes the whole operation of all hydroelectric generation planned to 2025.
  • H Other indicators
    • H.1Other indicators of implementation
      There is currently a Technical Commission for the Decomposition of Greenhouse Gas Emission Factors, which is responsible for calculating and updating the CO2 Emission Factor of the National Interconnected System of Ecuador. It was formed in 2010 where the Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy, the Electricity Regulation and Control Agency and the National Electricity Operator take part. Emission factors have been published up to 2013. We are currently updating the calculations of the emission factor, according to the new hydroelectric power plants connected to the national grid.
  • I Other relevant information
    • I.1Other relevant information including co-benefits for local sustainable development
      The components listed in section F.1.3 are related to the following co-benefits:

      • Reduction of fossil fuels for power generation.
      • Reduction of government spending on fossil fuels subsidies.
      • Use of low-impact alternative energies.
      • Direct and indirect employment generation in the phases of construction, operation, maintenance and complementary services.
  • J Relevant National Policies strategies, plans and programmes and/or other mitigation action
    • J.1Relevant National Policies
      • National Plan for Good Living 2013-2017.
      • National Climate Change Strategy 2012-2025
      • Master Plan of Electrification 2013-2022
      • National Energy Agenda 2016-2040
      J.2Link to other NAMAs
  • K Attachments
  • L Support received
    • L.1Outside the Registry
      L.2Within the Registry
      Support providedSupportTypeAmountCommentDate
      No records to display.