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NS-247 - Fostering Use of Natural Gas in the Transport Sector


NAMA Seeking Support for Implementation

  • A Overview
    • A.1Party
      A.2Title of Mitigation Action
      A.3Description of mitigation action

       The goal of this NAMA is to reduce GHG emissions and decrease air pollution by switching from gasoline and diesel to natural gas as a fuel for the transport sector. The NAMA will support the government's goal of increasing the use of Kazakhstan's cheap and clean natural gas for transport. It will do this by first developing the infrastructure to supply compressed natural gas (CNG) throughout the country and later also developing the infrastructure for liquefied natural gas (LNG). The national gas operator JSC KazTransGas will implement the NAMA by (i) constructing a network of 35 to 100 CNG fueling stations (CNGFSs); (ii) creating other infrastructure to enable a natural gas market in Kazakhstan (e.g., workshops for converting existing vehicles to CNG, testing and certification centers, training facilities); and (iii) extending natural gas to non-traditional transport areas. In addition to investment in specific sites and projects, the NAMA will enable development and implementation of a comprehensive program for natural gas fuel promotion, including a package of government support measures; formulation of technical and regulatory norms, protocols, or documents; and development of the necessary institutional and human capacity to support a switch to natural gas. The NAMA envisages 34 distinct activities that can be grouped into four main phases:

      (i) Phase 1 (2014-2015): Pilot market infiltration in selected cities;

      (ii) Phase 2 (2016-2018): Extending use of natural gas in transport to medium and small commercial players;

      (iii) Phase 3 (2019-2020): Fuel switching in agriculture, construction, and other specialty vehicles; and

      (iv) Phase 4 (2021-2025): Comprehensive market penetration.

       Work on the NAMA has already begun, mainly focusing on a wide range of regulatory barriers, including technical norms and standards that must be updated to reflect current CNG refueling equipment, conversion techniques, and vehicles.




      A.6Type of action

      A.7Greenhouse gases covered by the action

  • B National Implementing Entity
    • B.1.0Name
      B.1.1Contact Person 1
      B.1.5Contact Person 2
      B.1.9Contact Person 3
      B.2.1Contact Person 1
      B.2.5Contact Person 2
      B.2.9Contact Person 3
      Add Additional Entity
  • C Expected timeframe for the implementation of the mitigation action
    • C.1Number of years for completion
      C.2Expected start year of implementation
  • D Currency
    • D.1Used Currency
      Conversion to USD: 1
  • E Cost
    • E.1.1Estimated full cost of implementation
      Conversion to USD: 74,125,000
      E.1.2Comments on full cost of implementation

       Table 1 outlines expected funding sources, including the amount of support JSC KazTransGas Onim- dery expects to receive from international sources.

      Table 1: Requested Funding for NAMA Implementation (USD)









      Total cost


      State Budget


      Own Capital











      Pilot market infiltration





















      Extending CNG to medium and small commercial players





















      Fuel switching in agriculture, construction and other specialty vehicles





















      Comprehensive market penetration

























      E.2.1Estimated incremental cost of implementation
      Conversion to USD: 0
      E.2.2Comments on estimated incremental cost of implementation
  • F Support required for the implementation the mitigation action
    • F.1.1Amount of Financial support
      Conversion to USD: 49,345,000
      F.1.2Type of required Financial support

      F.1.3Comments on Financial support
      F.2.1Amount of Technological support
      F.2.2Comments on Technological support
      F.3.1Amount of capacity building support
      Conversion to USD: 0
      F.3.2Type of required capacity building support

      F.3.3Comments on Capacity Building support
  • G Estimated emission reductions
    • G.1Amount
      G.3Additional imformation (e.g. if available, information on the methodological approach followed)
      The potential GHG emission reductions are calculated in the Long-range Energy Alternatives (LEAP) system and include both upstream and tailpipe GHG emissions resulting from the baseline and converted vehicles. The GHG emission reductions that can be achieved by this NAMA depend on the amount of refueling infrastructure to be constructed and the number and type of vehicles to be converted to natural gas. Since JSC KazTransGas is still conducting feasibility studies and market analyses to clarify these amounts, the estimate of potential GHG abatement presented is based on two different scenarios:

      Scenario 1: All vehicle fleets under the control of JSC KazTransGas and its partners are converted to CNG by 2025; and

      Scenario 2: Optimistic scenario where 8% of cars, buses and trucks are converted to natural gas by 2025. The estimated cumulative emission reductions are 14 MtC02e by 2025.

  • H Other indicators
    • H.1Other indicators of implementation
  • I Other relevant information
    • I.1Other relevant information including co-benefits for local sustainable development

      The NAMA is expected to create the following co-benefits:

      (i) reduced local air pollution;

      (ii) health co-benefits from reduced local air pollution;

      (iii) increased energy security;

      (iv) income and job generation;

      (v) increased disposable income due to reduced fuel costs;

      (vi) increased private enterprise in fields related to fuel switching and vehicle conversions;

      (vii) accelerated turnover of outdated vehicle stock (e.g., through imports of original equipment manufacturer CNG vehicles); and

      (viii) development of domestic CNG vehicle production capacity (eventually) with potential for exports.

  • J Relevant National Policies strategies, plans and programmes and/or other mitigation action
    • J.1Relevant National Policies


      The government of Kazakhstan has adopted a voluntary quantitative commitment to reduce GHG emissions by 15% by 2020 and 25% by 2050 (relative to a 1992 baseline). In 2012, Kazakhstan further revised this goal and declared its readiness to reduce emissions by 5% to 7% to 2020. The goal of limiting growth in emissions is codified in several official strategy documents, most importantly in the 2013 Concept of Transition of the Republic of Kazakhstan to a Green Economy. Among the key areas addressed in this concept is the creation of a "clean" transport system and the plan to bring natural gas infrastructure to regions such as Akmola and Karaganda Oblasts by 2020, and to North and East Kazakhstan by 2030. Specific plans for increasing the use of natural gas in transport are also included in the following existing and draft government strategies:

      (i) National Program of Development and Integration of Transport Infrastructure of the Republic of Kazakhstan until 2020 (2014):

      (ii) Plan of Action for Switching Transport Vehicles to Environmentally Friendly Types of Fueland Creation of Relevant Infrastructure (under consideration by the government)

      (iii) General Scheme of Gasification of the Republic of Kazakhstan to 2030 (2014)

      (iv) National Program on Energy Saving—2020 (2013)

      For example, the General Scheme of Gasificiation specifies that by 2020 the use of natural gas by public transport and public vehicles must be at least 30% in Astana and Almaty and at least 10% in other cities. By 2030 the share of natural gas must be at least 50% in Almaty and Astana and 30% in other regional cities. Other priorities put forth in the above documents include:

      (i) creating incentives for mechanisms to accelerate vehicle stock turnover through the purchase of fuel-efficient vehicles with the goal of reducing fuel consumption by 30%;

      (ii) using energy-efficient buses;

      (iii) engaging in fleet renewal and modernizing railway locomotives;

      (iv) designing measures to develop energy-efficient transport infrastructure for inclusion in national development programs;

      (v) introducing Euro standards for road transport (Euro 4-2014; Euro 5-2015; and Euro 6-2020); and

      (vi) adopting international standards for vehicle efficiency.



      J.2Link to other NAMAs
  • K Attachments
  • L Support received
    • L.1Outside the Registry
      L.2Within the Registry
      Support providedSupportTypeAmountCommentDate
      No records to display.
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