- A Overview
|Title of Mitigation Action
|Description of mitigation action
A main pillar of Ethiopia's Climate Resilient Green Growth (CRGE) strategy is to avoid emissions in the transport sector through a shift of freight and passenger transport from road to rail. The Ethiopian Railways Corporation (ERC) was set up in 2007 with the mandate to construct railway infrastructure and provide passenger and freight rail transport services in Ethiopia. The envisaged infrastructure consists of two railway project components, namely the Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (LRT) and the Nationwide Railway Network Development Programme.
Infrastructure projects in Ethiopia and everywhere else in the world can be vulnerable to the changing weather patterns attributed to global climate change. Possible impacts include:
• Deterioration and permanent damage to roads and railway lines by floods;
• Damage to drainage (culvert and bridge) infrastructure by floods;
• Rail surface melting because of high temperature;
• Erosion and landsides.
The Ethiopian Railway Corporation (ERC) therefore seeks assistance to enhance its understanding of likely impacts of climate change on its envisioned infrastructure, which will enable ERC to integrate these impacts in crucial long-‐term investment decisions. More specifically, the program seeks to:
• Determine the future climate change pattern;
• Identify detailed topographic and hydro-‐meteorological information along railway networks;
• Map the climate change vulnerability of the rail networks;
• Evaluate a range of impacts of climate change on railway infrastructures over a range of climate scenarios;
• Develop and test a framework for investment decision-‐ making that can be ‘robust’ under a wide range of climate outcomes; and • Formulate actionable recommendations for decision makers on how to enhance the climate resilience of infrastructure development
|Type of action
|Greenhouse gases covered by the action
- B National Implementing Entity
- C Expected timeframe for the implementation of the mitigation action
- D Currency
|Conversion to USD: 1
- E Cost
|Estimated full cost of implementation
|Comments on full cost of implementation
The total costs of implementation will include the engagement of an experienced consulting firm to assess the climate vulnerability of ERC implementation plan as well as to create a tool to include climate vulnerability impacts into investment decisions. Individual and institutional capacity building measures are also included into this NAMA
|Estimated incremental cost of implementation
|Comments on estimated incremental cost of implementation
- F Support required for the implementation the mitigation action
|Amount of Financial support
|Type of required Financial support
|Comments on Financial support
Ethiopian Railway Corporation (ERC) is seeking the assistance from an experienced consultant to carry out the climate vulnerability mapping. ERC is thereby proposing activities to be carried out as per the attached project brief but is open to any amendment recommended by an experienced consultant.
|Amount of Technological support
|Comments on Technological support
|Amount of capacity building support
|Type of required capacity building support
|Comments on Capacity Building support
ERC is furthermore seeking institutional and individual capacity building to assure the integration of expected long-‐term climate change impacts in its investment decision. ERC's infrastructure asset department shall therefore be enabled to understand the likely impacts mapped by the consultant while the individuals shall also be enabled to operate an evaluation tool developed by the consultant. Capacity building on an institutional level shall assure that these tools will be incorporated in all future investment decisions, requiring awareness and commitment by the ERC top management and the formulation of relevant processes.
- G Estimated emission reductions
- H Other indicators
|Other indicators of implementation
-Number of people trained;
-Number and type of investment decisions that have been affected by the vulnerability assessment.
- I Other relevant information
|Other relevant information including co-benefits for local sustainable development
The activity will contribute to achieving the co-‐benefits of the railway implementation in Ethiopia: Shifting transport from road to rail would not only decrease transport costs and improve the trade balance through reduced import of fossil fuels and reduce road maintenance (economic benefits), but would lower congestion, air pollution (NOx), noise and vibration pollution, traffic accidents and will increase employment, social equity and tax revenues. Additional macro-‐economic benefits are the enhanced integration of Ethiopia with its East African neighbours as well as enhanced access to sea ports.
- J Relevant National Policies strategies, plans and programmes and/or other mitigation action
|Relevant National Policies
A main pillar of Ethiopia's Climate Resilient Green Growth (CRGE) strategy is to avoid emissions in the transport sector through shift of freight and passenger transport from road to rail. The Ethiopian Railways Corporation (ERC) was set up in 2007 with the mandate to construct railway infrastructure and provide passenger and freight trail transport services in Ethiopia. The envisaged infrastructure consists of two railway project components, namely the Addis Ababa Light Rail Transit (LRT) and the Nationwide Railway Network Development Programme. The first phase of the LRT project is planned to be 35 km long, its construction started in 2012 and is planned to be finalised before the end of 2014. The second phase of the LRT will be an extension of the first line of ~ 54.91 km, leading to a total length of 89 km. The Nationwide Railway programme, on its part, consists of eight corridors of varying lengths in diversified strategic routes that will be realised in two phases, covering over 5,000 km in distance.
|Link to other NAMAs
- K Attachments
- L Support received
|Outside the Registry
|Within the Registry