The average rice consumption per capita in Panama is 162 lb/person/year. Rice is one of the elemental components of Panamanian food, in urban and rural areas.
Approximately, of the 96,000 ha devoted to rice production, 59,000 ha are produced by the mechanized system and 37,000 ha by the traditional and rudimentary system “a chuzo”. The increasing demand for this crop by the Panamanians, coupled with the effects of climate change, threaten this sector. It is important to emphasize that rice cultivation is one of the leading sources of methane emissions in the atmosphere.
Under the initiative of the Ministry of Agricultural Development, together with the Interamerican Institute of Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) and the financial support of EUROCLIMA+, the rice production NAMA has been developed for the Republic of Panama. The title of this project is “Support for the formulation of appropriate mitigation actions on Central American agriculture”.
The proposed objectives include:
- Reduce CH4 emissions through the most appropriate practices of water management in rice production.
- Introduce rice varieties with less water dependency.
- Reduce N2O emissions by nitrogen use efficiency seeds that require fewer fertilizers.
- Optimizing nitrogen fertilizers use through the most appropriate farmer techniques for the crops, soil, and environmental conditions.
- Promote associativity with incentives and financial support to rice farmers associations to implement mitigation actions coming from this program.
- Monitoring of crops to optimize the application of pesticides.
The rice production NAMA was submitted on the UNFCCC NAMA Registry, under the category of NAMAs seeking financial support for implementation.