1. Outline of JICA’s Cooperation
JICA is an Japanese ODA executing organization . In accordance with its vision of “Inclusive and Dynamic Development,” JICA supports the resolution of issues of developing countries by using the most suitable tools of various bilateral cooperation schemes such as ODA loans, grant aid and technical cooperation. Climate change is one of the global issues focused by JICA.
JICA supports most of the ODA eligible countries listed in OECD. In accordance with the Japan’s support policy of each country, details of support are elaborated and determined based on dialogue on support needs of the recipient country and support resources in Japan.
2. Support to address Climate Change by JICA
JICA actively supports measures to tackle climate change in developing countries according to the following principles.
1) Climate Compatible Sustainable Development
2) Comprehensive Assistance using an Array of Schemes
3) Collaboration with Development and Climate Partners
Please refer to Attachment 1 and 2 for details.
JICA also recognizes the importance of collaboration with the private sector in climate change issues, and enhances the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) through, such as, the Private-Sector Investment Finance (target issues: (i) MDGs and the poverty reduction, (ii) acceleration of infrastructure development and growth, and (iii) measures against climate change), PPP feasibility study assistance, BOP (Base of Pyramid) business feasibility assistance.
3. NAMA Supports by JICA
JICA offers comprehensive supports on climate change including NAMAs ranging from development of climate change strategies and plans to their implementation. Examples of supports include development of national/ local climate change policy and strategies, development of NAMA plans, implementation of individual mitigation projects (financial supports for promoting energy efficiency, construction of renewable energy power plants, construction of mass rapid transit system, forest conservation including REDD+, supports for development of national GHG inventory, trainings, etc.).
JICA flexibly combines various schemes such as ODA loans, grant aid and technical cooperation tailored to the support needs of the recipient country. Some of the project (or its component) may be conducted as a NAMA under the mutual consent between the partner country and JICA.
It should be noted that it is not required for receiving JICA’s NAMA supports to submit NAMAs and/or register to NAMA Registry, while it is essential to make an official request of ODA support to the government of Japan through diplomatic channels.