MainDB: Community Water Banks for Drought Risk Resilience in Purulia

Title: Community Water Banks for Drought Risk Resilience in Purulia
NWPWeblink: NWP Partner profile

NWPTypeOfOrganization: Civil society
NWPGeographicRegion: Asia
Scope of work:
Good practices and lessons learned: Good Practices:
The active participation and ownership shown to the project by the beneficiary farmers reflected the atrocities endured by them every year due to increasing droughts as well as ensured sustainability of this undertaking.
Lessons Learned:
Marginal communities need to think of water as a commodity and not as a free resource.
Community governance of natural resources and sharing of project risk and responsibility are always best practices.
Integrated approach and resource convergence is a climate solution for poverty alleviation
Date of submission: 21/09/2017
Activities: Action Plan 

Geospatial mapping of the area for aspect, drainage and elevation using ASTER DEM
Sociometry for Beneficiary selection and Participatory planning for cropping cycles & water budgeting using SWOT analysis
Design-layout and structural implementation of Water Bank, Water harvesting. (CPCB 2016)
Water collection, allocation, distribution and resource sharing through delivery of measured volume and proven quality of water for irrigation
Alternative farming initiatives, revenue return and financial inclusion 
Water accounting and runoff-estimates, consumption foot-printing against production estimates
Cost-benefit analysis and reporting

Adaptation element: Adaptation planning and practices; Capacity building; Communication and outreach/awareness; Education and training; Financial support; Impact assessment; Socio-economic data and information; Technology support; Vulnerability assessment
Adaptation sector/theme: Agriculture; Water resources; Health; Adaptation finance; Disaster risk reduction; Gender
Climate hazard: Drought; Erratic rainfall; Land and forest degradation
Country: India
NWPDataSource: Partner portal
Description: Ecologically, water is critical to Purulia in West Bengal, owing to rugged terrain and over 50% run-off loss. With the rising demand, irrigation water has become a scarce commodity in Para and Raghunathpur, two drought prone blocks of Purulia district.
The objectives of this intervention are as follows:
To ensure water security for marginal farmers practicing dry land farming through water budgeting and participatory water resource management
To encourage water harvesting and its wise-use through entrepreneurial water-stewardship in rural areas
To enunciate a right-based water-banking paradigm for climate adaptive conservation of resources and sustainable intensification of ecosystem services.
Water banking is a new practice of forgoing water deliveries during certain periods and banking either the right to use the forgone water in the future, or saving it for someone else to use in exchange for a fee or delivery in kind. Present interventions achieved water security for 700 farmers through right-based entrepreneurial water conservation that lease water resources between willing water-rights holders and willing-to-pay users with assured quality water supply in budgeted volume. This includes harvesting of rainwater and run-off collected in built water banks for sustainable and budgeted usage in dry land farming. 10 units of water-banks, with an average area of 0.5 hectare, are developed for sustaining climate adaptive farming practices in 100 hectare of medium of extreme drought prone area.
Expected outcome:

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