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Engagement opportunities and resources under the Nairobi Work Programme
Oceans and coastal ecosystems is one of the priority areas under the Nairobi Work Programme (NWP) as mandated by SBSTA 48 and SBSTA 50
The ocean is the primary driver and regulator of the global climate. Climate change is exacerbating impacts of environmental and anthropogenic stressors on the ocean and the vulnerability of coastal areas and ecosystems, including mega deltas, coral reefs and mangroves.
The IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and the Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCC) identifies linkages between the ocean and the climate and highlights that rapid emissions reductions are crucial; a slower rate of ocean change provides greater adaptation opportunities; and adaptation measures can generate many co-benefits at different scales. The SROCC stresses the important role of the ocean and coastal ecosystems in helping communities adapt to climate change, as well as the importance of protecting these ecosystems.
Knowledge gaps remain in relation to many aspects of adaptation, which prevents particularly developing countries from taking action. Momentum is building, however, towards filling the knowledge gaps and forming partnerships for building the resilience of oceans and coastal areas.
Collaboration, engagement and partnership
Governments agreed to undertake concrete activities addressing the ocean, coastal areas and ecosystems under the NWP in order to inform adaptation planning and actions at the regional, national and subnational level. In response, a range of activities under the NWP are in progress to advance action through knowledge under this thematic area.
Applying an iterative and progressive knowledge-to-action methodology, the secretariat collaborated with a thematic group of experts on oceans, constituting 23 representatives from renowned organizations and institutes, including the IPCC, United Nations agencies, programmes and offices, as well as other relevant international organizations, academic institutions, and institutes to advance actions. 
The NWP knowledge-to-action approach

The figure below provides an overview of the step-by-step process to facilitate delivery of this thematic work from August 2019 to 2020 and beyond.



Step 1: Scoping

  • Create a scoping paper to review and sythesize existing knowledge on oceans, coastal areas and ecosystems, including but not limited to mega deltas, coral reefs, mangroves and slow onset events  


Step 2: Identify and engage with expert groups

  • Setting up an expert group on the ocean consisting of around 23 representatives from renowned organizations and institutes, including the IPCC, United Nations agencies, networks and other relevant international organizations and institutes
  • Collaborate with the expert groups in subsequent steps


Step 3: & 4: Refine knowledge and co-design actions with expert groups, constituted bodies and partners

  • Organized the expert group virtual meeting in November 2019 with 12 experts; led to refined knowledge gaps and indicative actions to address these gaps
  • Co-designed and organized the 13th Focal Point Forum 


Step 5: Report and disseminate findings


Step 6: Facilitate partnerships for action


Figure 1: The NWP knowledge-action-approach
What are the next steps?
Collaboration in the thematic area of the ocean with the expert group, other relevant experts and the NWP partners will continue under the NWP in 2020 and beyond. The aim of the partnerships will be to address the knowledge gaps in this thematic area in 2020, and progress will be shared with partners at SBSTA 52.  In addition, the UNFCCC will work closely with the expert group in organizing various events and webinars and sharing the outcomes at the relevant regional and global events as well as packaging and disseminating outcomes in knowledge products.
Get involved

Browse relevant action pledges, case studies, tools and methods, organizations, and knowledge resources on the Adaptation Knowledge Portal

  1. Make an action pledge to support adaptation planning and implementation related to oceans, coastal areas and ecosystems
  2. Share your resources on oceans, coastal areas and ecosystems here on the Adaptation knowledge portal including case studies, tools and methods, and other resources
  3. Send us news about upcoming publications and events at
  4. Become a NWP partner organization