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Engagement opportunities in ecosystems, water resources and adaptation and resources under the Nairobi Work Programme. 
Ecosystems and water resources is a key thematic area of the Nairobi work programme,​ as mandated by decision17/CP.19; SBSTA 44; and SBSTA 48.​
Ecosystems affect the climate, but climate change also affects ecosystems, their functions and the many benefits and services they provide to people along with the ability of ecosystems to regulate water flows and cycle nutrients. Healthy ecosystems can play a major part in increasing resilience, helping people to adapt to climate change, and in reducing climate-related risk and vulnerability through the delivery of the range of services that play a significant role in maintaining human well-being.
Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) uses biodiversity and ecosystem services in an overall adaptation strategy. It includes the sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems to provide services that help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. EbA can be cost-effective, generate social, economic and cultural co-benefits, and contribute to the conservation of biodiversity.​
Collaboration, engagement and partnership

Governments agreed to undertake concrete activities addressing ecosystems and water resources under the NWP in order to inform adaptation planning and actions at the regional, national and subnational level. In response, a range of activities have been undertaken under the NWP, including in collaboration with the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG), to advance action through knowledge in these thematic areas with some in progress.​

Applying an iterative knowledge-to-action methodology, the secretariat collaborated with experts in ecosystems, from renowned organizations and institutes, United Nations agencies, programmes and offices, as well as other relevant international organizations, academic institutions and institutes to advance actions.

The NWP knowledge-to-action approach
The figure below provides an overview of the step-by-step process to facilitate delivery of this thematic work from August 2019 to 2020 and beyond. 

 Step 1: Scoping

Step 2: Identify and engage expert groups

  • An informal network of over 30 organizations with an interest in promoting collaboration and knowledge sharing on ecosystem-based adaptation, collaborating in reaching out to relevant organizations for submissions; drafting synthesis report as well as organizing a joint side event with the LEG to discuss how vulnerable communities and ecosystems could be better integrated into national adaptation planning and implementation.

Step 3 & 4: Refine knowledge gaps and co-design actions with expert groups, constituted bodies and partners

Step 5: Package and disseminate outcomes

Step 6: Facilitate partnerships for action

  • Focus for 2020 and beyond

            Figure 1: The NWP knowledge-to-action approach

            What are the next steps?

            One of the Nairobi Work programme thematic areas mandated by SBSTA 50 to be prioritized is biodiversity, including forests and grassland. In addition, the Adaptation Committee (AC) advised addressing the linkages between biodiversity and climate change adaptation at the 14th NWP focal point forum, scheduled to be held with COP26. As a result, biodiversity and climate change adaptation, with an emphasis on forest and grassland ecosystems will be a focus area of the NWP in 2020.
            Get involved

            Browse relevant action pledges, case studies, tools and methods, organizations, and knowledge resources on the Adaptation Knowledge Portal.

            1. Make an action pledge to support adaptation planning and implementation related to ecosystems and water resources
            2. Share your resources on ecosystems and water resources and adaptation here on the Adaptation knowledge portal including case studiestools and methods, and other resources
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