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Role of ecosystems and water resources 
Ecosystems affect the climate, but climate change also affects ecosystems, their functions and the many benefits and services they provide to people along with the ability of ecosystems to regulate water flows and cycle nutrients. Healthy ecosystems can play a major part in increasing resilience, helping people to adapt to climate change, and in reducing climate-related risk and vulnerability through the delivery of the range of services that play a significant role in maintaining human well-being.
Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) uses biodiversity and ecosystem services in an overall adaptation strategy. It includes the sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems to provide services that help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. EbA can be cost-effective, generate social, economic and cultural co-benefits, and contribute to the conservation of biodiversity.​ 

Collaboration, engagement and partnership

Governments agreed to undertake concrete activities addressing ecosystems and water resources under the NWP in order to inform adaptation planning and actions at the regional, national and subnational level. In response, a range of activities have been undertaken under the NWP, including in collaboration with the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG), to advance action through knowledge in these thematic areas with some in progress.​

Applying an iterative knowledge-to-action methodology, the secretariat collaborated with experts in ecosystems, from renowned organizations and institutes, United Nations agencies, programmes and offices, as well as other relevant international organizations, academic institutions and institutes to advance actions.

The knowledge-to action methodology

​The NWP uses a knowledge-to-action methodology (see figure below) that guides knowledge co-development through partnerships. This collaborative approach responds to the adaptation needs of Parties, with an emphasis on developing countries, and supports the formulation of national adaptation plans and relevant mandates of UNFCCC constituted bodies. The approach has been refined over the years incorporating lessons learned.​



​Steps​ ​Activities Outputs
1) Scoping

2) Engage with expert groups
  • An informal network of over 30 organizations with an interest in promoting collaboration and knowledge sharing on ecosystem-based adaptation was established.
3) Refine knowledge
4) Co-design actions
  • A joint side event with the LEG to discuss how vulnerable communities and ecosystems could be better integrated into national adaptation planning and implementation
5) Report and disseminate findings

Outputs included

6) Facilitate partnerships to mobilize support
  • A joint side event with the LEG and the NWP partners on Ecosystem-based adaptation: Advancing action through knowledge during the Bonn climate change conference, May 2017 to discuss how vulnerable communities and ecosystems could be better integrated into national adaptation planning and implementation
7) Implementing action Collaborative activities undertaken:
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