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Browse resources related to ecosystems in the AKP database (right), and learn more about the UNFCCC's activities on the topic under the Nairobi work programme below.
Related UNFCCC work under the Nairobi work programme  
Ecosystems and water resources is a key thematic area of the Nairobi work programme, as mandated by the Subsidiary Body for Science and Technological Advice (SBSTA) in May 2018 and May 2016. Ecosystems affect the climate, but climate change also affects ecosystems, their functions and the many benefits and services they provide to people along with the ability of ecosystems to regulate water flows and cycle nutrients.
For example, climate change increases water vulnerability by reducing the availability and accessibility of water  resources, leading to adverse impacts on: ecosystems  and biodiversity; agriculture and food security; land use and forestry; water supply and sanitation; health; and human settlements and infrastructure. Impacts on regional water availability and accessibility lead to regional water crises, resulting in economic destabilization and conflict, which affects poor and vulnerable people the most. Healthy ecosystems can play a major part in increasing resilience, helping people to adapt to climate change, and in reducing climate-related risk and vulnerability through the delivery of the range of services that play a significant role in maintaining human well-being.
Ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) uses biodiversity and ecosystem services in an overall adaptation strategy. It includes the sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems to provide services that help people adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. EbA can be cost-effective, generate social, economic and cultural co-benefits, and contribute to the conservation of biodiversity.  

The UNFCCC secretariat has collaborated with partners to deliver:


What did the call for submissions and synthesis report capture ? 
The SBSTA invited Parties, NWP partner organizations and other relevant entities to submit information on lessons leaned and good practices in relation to ecosystems, in particular, to adaptation planning processes addressing ecosystems and interrelated areas such as water resources; monitoring and evaluating the implementation of ecosystem-based adaptation; and tools for assessing the benefits of mitigation and adaptation to enhancing resilience and emission reductions that ecosystem-based adaptation provides. A synthesis report was prepared based on submissions received to inform the next steps in terms of closing the knowledge-to-action gap on ecosystems, water resources and adaptation.  
How can my organization/entity further support resilience through knowledge ?  
  1. Make an action pledge to support ecosystems and ecosystem-based adaptation 
  2. Share your resources on ecosystems and water here on the Adaptation knowledge portal including case studies, tools and methods, and other resources. 
  3. Send us news about upcoming publications and events at
  4. Become a NWP partner organization 
Learn more:
  • Browse relevant action pledges, case studies, tools and methods, organizations, and knowledge resources on the Adaptation knowledge portal. Try the search terms such as "ecosystems", "ecosystem-based adaptation", "biodiversity" and "water resources" to filter relevant results
  • Subscribe to the NWP eUpdate​ to receive the latest news
  • Visit the NWP webpages on the UNFCCC website