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COP 26 outcomes: highlights include the importance of building blocks to enhance and strengthen measures for adaptation, mitigation and finance.
The Glasgow Climate Pact emphasizes the urgency of scaling up action and support, including finance, capacity-building and technology transfer, to enhance adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change in line with the best available science, taking into account the priorities and needs of developing countries.

Adaptation outcomes

There were substantive outcomes on adaptation issues, including through the Glasgow Climate Pact:
  • The national adaptation plans submitted to-date were welcomed. Parties were also urged to further integrate adaptation actions into local, national and regional planning.
  • The Glasgow-Sharm-el-Sheikh work programme was established to work towards defining what a global goal on adaptation would look like, ahead of COP 27 in Sharm-el-Sheikh, Egypt.
  • The Nairobi work programme was given concrete mandates to scale up its work to ensure that it continues to be responsive to needs of countries, including LDCs and SIDS, as well as to continue strengthening the support provided to constituted bodies. As one of the main highlights, the UN Climate Change and Universities Partnership Programme was officially launched.
Adaptation finance

Outcomes included the unprecedented goal for developed countries to double the funding provided to developing countries for adaptation action by 2025. The Glasgow Climate Pact noted that there was still a long way to go with climate finance for adaptation and urged developed countries to step up their financial provisions.

During COP 26, Belgium, the Belgian region of Walloon, Canada, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States pledged a total of US $413 million to the Least Developed Countries Fund, the climate resilience fund that is exclusively targeted at Least Developed Countries.

Spotlight on nature-based solutions 

The Glasgow Climate Pact recognised nature-based solutions and ecosystem-based adaptation as a critical way of restoring nature and ecosystems.  

It also recognised the vital role of protecting and restoring nature and ecosystems and the ways in which biodiversity and climate change are interlinked. Recognising these linkages can allow for enhanced climate adaptation and mitigation action.

Over 100 countries pledged to halt and reverse deforestation and land degradation by 2030, representing over 90% of the world’s forests as a part of Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use.

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

In their NDCs, countries communicate actions they will take to reduce their Greenhouse Gas emissions in order to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement. Countries also communicate in the NDCs actions they will take to build resilience to adapt to the impacts of rising temperatures.  The Glasgow Climate Pact moves forward by requesting countries to increase their pledges in their NDCs already in 2022, rather than in five years' time.

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