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NS-272 - Subnational mitigation actions for the restoration of degraded forests and the implementation of planned grazing

Mexico

NAMA Seeking Support for Implementation

  • A Overview
    • A.1Party
      A.2Title of Mitigation Action
      A.3Description of mitigation action
      This NAMA promotes the establishment of state funding mechanisms and the replication of successful pilot project mitigation actions of planned grazing and forest restoration to contribute to the mitigation and adaptation goals of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) of Mexico under the Paris Agreement.         

      Planned grazing:
      Planned grazing is a conditional measure of Mexico’s NDCs with a theoretical annual mitigation potential of 5.6 MtCO2e by 2030 according to the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (INECC). Assuming replication of current activities in four new states, this component of the NAMA is projected to regenerate approximately 410,000 hectares, reach an annual mitigation of 1.5 MtCO2e (27% of the NDC goal), and achieve a cumulative mitigation of 19.5 MtCO2e from 2016-2030. This NAMA component also contributes to several Mexico NDC climate-change adaptation goals, including integrated water management and diversification of sustainable agriculture. The implementation of this NAMA component was successfully begun as a pilot project on approximately 82,000 hectares in the states of Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Chihuahua and Sonora and is being promoted for replication in additional states. It involves the implementation of planned grazing and other best practices on grazing lands and results in increased capture of CO2 and water in soils. This is an excellent tool for the mitigation of the effects of climate change that results in increased growth of grasses and livestock productivity for participating ranches. GESG will train participating ranchers in the Sierra Gorda as well as in other states. The project will also monitor social and environmental indicators of co-benefits. The Grazing Land and Livestock Management Methodology of the American Carbon Registry is being evaluated for potential generation of carbon credits from this NAMA component.                        

      Forest restoration: Although Mexico’s NDC goals for the Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector do not currently include a specific goal for the reduction of forest degradation and the increase of natural regeneration in forests, a recent public-private sector dialogue of INECC for this sector indicated  broad support for quantifying these efforts in the future. Assuming replication of current activities in four new states, the forest restoration component of the NAMA is projected to reach 30,000 hectares per year, reach an annual mitigation of 119,000 tCO2e, and achieve a cumulative mitigation of 1.6 MtCO2e from 2016-2030. This component also contributes to Mexico NDC adaptation goals, including conservation and restoration of ecosystems to increase ecological connectivity of natural protected areas. This project activity involves the regeneration of natural forests with the incentives of payments for ecosystem services and results in a significant reduction of CO2 emissions from forest degradation as well as increased inventories of CO2 through the regeneration of forests as they are liberated from traditional uses such as extensive grazing of cattle, induced fires, and logging. Most importantly, this activity starts the processes of regeneration of the forest understory and forest structure.

      This project activity has been implemented for several years in oak forests of the Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve of Querétaro as the “Biodiversity Carbon” project implemented by GESG in coordination with Bosque Sustentable A.C. (BSAC), currently providing payments for approximately 6,000 hectares per year. This project formed the basis for the establishment of the Querétaro state mechanism for carbon offsets and the application of matching funds of the National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR). As part of the NAMA, this successful mitigation action will be expanded to new areas and other forest types in the Sierra Gorda and replicated in other states. The payments for ecosystem services are complemented by activities for the formation of ecological citizenship, including the training of all key actors, ranging from public officials to landowners, in regenerative management of soils and forests, activities of restoration and conservation, as well as the strengthening of community tourism microenterprises.

      State funding mechanisms: This policy activity will build upon the successful state carbon offset mechanism of Querétaro, where the state government has offset emissions of the state vehicle fleet and established a carbon tax on private vehicles registered in the state with proceeds used to partially offset emissions of those vehicles. As part of the NAMA, similar state funding mechanisms will be developed in other states, as this is a model that can and should be replicated because of its broad benefits and operation with a local protocol. The state mechanisms will be financed by fiscal resources of the implementing states and possibly the Matching Funds program of CONAFOR.

      Initiative for Climate Action Transparency: The Initiative for Climate Action Transparency (ICAT) series of guidance will be applied to estimate the climate and other benefits of this NAMA. The NAMA seeks to be a pilot project of ICAT.
      A.4Sector





      A.5Technology









      A.6Type of action




      A.7Greenhouse gases covered by the action




  • B National Implementing Entity
    • B.1.0Name
      B.1.1Contact Person 1
      B.1.2Address
      B.1.3Phone
      B.1.4Email
      B.1.5Contact Person 2
      B.1.6Address
      B.1.7Phone
      B.1.8Email
      B.1.9Contact Person 3
      B.1.10Address
      B.1.11Phone
      B.1.12Email
      B.1.13Comments
      Add Additional Entity
  • C Expected timeframe for the implementation of the mitigation action
    • C.1Number of years for completion
      C.2Expected start year of implementation
  • D Currency
    • D.1Used Currency
      Conversion to USD: 0
  • E Cost
    • E.1.1Estimated full cost of implementation
      Conversion to USD: 32,633,798
      E.1.2Comments on full cost of implementation
      Includes support still required, support received, support committed, and projection of future income from carbon markets or payments for results.
      E.2.1Estimated incremental cost of implementation
      Conversion to USD: 32,633,798
      E.2.2Comments on estimated incremental cost of implementation
      Incremental costs are considered equal to the total cost of the project as the project activities are not included under business as usual.
  • F Support required for the implementation the mitigation action
    • F.1.1Amount of Financial support
      Conversion to USD: 12,705,304
      F.1.2Type of required Financial support





      F.1.3Comments on Financial support
      Includes technological support, capacity building support and other financial support required. Up-front financing in exchange for a preferential price on carbon credits resulting from some the NAMA activities may be considered as a financing option.
      F.2.1Amount of Technological support
      F.2.2Comments on Technological support
      Hydrologic infrastructure, electric fences and organic inputs for planned grazing component.
      F.3.1Amount of capacity building support
      Conversion to USD: 2,801,053
      F.3.2Type of required capacity building support


      F.3.3Comments on Capacity Building support
  • G Estimated emission reductions
  • H Other indicators
  • I Other relevant information
    • I.1Other relevant information including co-benefits for local sustainable development
      Forest restoration: New source of income for landholders and strengthening of a conservation economy. Restoration of hydrologic recharge zones. Preservation of lands with high biological values. Regeneration of degraded forests, reduction of forest fragmentation and fires, and soils undergoing desertification. Planned grazing: Additional income resulting from increased productivity. Increased water capture and grass production for cattle, risk reduction for droughts and climate change effects.
  • J Relevant National Policies strategies, plans and programmes and/or other mitigation action
    • J.1Relevant National Policies
      Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), State Climate Change Programs, Climate Change General Law, National Climate Change Strategy: Vision 10-20-40, Mexico’s Special Program on Climate Change.
      J.2Link to other NAMAs
  • K Attachments
  • L Support received
    • L.1Outside the Registry
      L.2Within the Registry
      Support providedSupportTypeAmountCommentDate
      No records to display.