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NS-283 - Afforestation of degraded land, riverside areas and protection belts in the Republic of Moldova

Republic of Moldova

NAMA Seeking Support for Implementation

  • A Overview
    • A.1Party
      A.2Title of Mitigation Action
      A.3Description of mitigation action

      In the Republic of Moldova, only about 11% of the country’s territory are covered by forests, which makes it one of the European countries with the lowest forest cover. Deforestation and degradation of forests and protection forests belts contribute to land degradation in many regions of Moldova. Over the last decades, land affected by soil erosion increased by about 6,400 ha annually. Today, about 880,000 ha of land nationwide are eroded, which is equivalent to one-fourth of the country’s total territory or 40% of the agricultural land.

                                                                          The NAMA has the objective to reverse the trend of forest and land degradation and to enhance carbon sequestration by 261,600 tCO2 annually until 2030 by afforesting 45,000 ha of degraded, unproductive land and by establishing 15,000 ha of riparian forest belts and 1,500 ha of protection forest belts in agricultural systems. In total, 61,500 ha will be afforested at an annual afforestation rate of 4,393 ha. Moreover, the NAMA seeks to strengthen capacities of local communities to afforest degraded land, to sustainably manage their forests and pastures and to engage in the development of forest-based small and medium enterprises (SME).

                                                                          To reach its target, the NAMA will use a phased approach consisting of three phases to gradually enhance the capacities of local communities to engage in afforestation, forest management and the development of forest-based SME: Demonstration phase (Phase I, 2018-2019), Scale-up phase (Phase II, 2020-2024) and,  Transformation phase (Phase III, 2025-2031).
      A.4Sector





      A.5Technology









      A.6Type of action




      A.7Greenhouse gases covered by the action




  • B National Implementing Entity
    • B.1.0Name
      B.1.1Contact Person 1
      B.1.2Address
      B.1.3Phone
      B.1.4Email
      B.1.5Contact Person 2
      B.1.6Address
      B.1.7Phone
      B.1.8Email
      B.1.9Contact Person 3
      B.1.10Address
      B.1.11Phone
      B.1.12Email
      B.1.13Comments
      Add Additional Entity
  • C Expected timeframe for the implementation of the mitigation action
    • C.1Number of years for completion
      C.2Expected start year of implementation
  • D Currency
    • D.1Used Currency
      Conversion to USD: 1
  • E Cost
    • E.1.1Estimated full cost of implementation
      Conversion to USD: 150,949,687
      E.1.2Comments on full cost of implementation

      The main funding sources for NAMA implementation are expected to be national public funds and international grants. From total NAMA investments € 116.7 million, € 31.2 million are expected to come from national and € 85.5 million from international sources. National public funds and international grants will be the main funding sources of the Afforestation Programme. A certain percentage of the grants for afforestation could be issued in form of result-based payments for carbon sequestration through afforestation. Moreover, International grants will be used to establish a revolving loan fund for SME development and to support sustainable resource management activities of communities such as the implementation of improved pastures, production of NTFP and land restoration measures.

      Central forestry authority (Agency Moldsilva) has afforested about 1,200 ha of degraded land annually over the last years. If no external support is provided between 2018-2031, 16,800 ha of degraded land could be afforested only during the 14-years time period for a total cost of approx. 26 million Euro. Due to expected Donor’s support, the technical capacity of afforestation would allow to afforest an additional 44,700 ha for a total cost of about 69.5 million Euro. For other activities, such as capacity building and training, marker development, research and monitoring national contribution is planned at the level of 5.12 million Euro, so that the total incremental costs are estimated at 85.45 million Euro. 
      E.2.1Estimated incremental cost of implementation
      Conversion to USD: 0
      E.2.2Comments on estimated incremental cost of implementation
  • F Support required for the implementation the mitigation action
    • F.1.1Amount of Financial support
      Conversion to USD: 110,552,274
      F.1.2Type of required Financial support





      F.1.3Comments on Financial support
      F.2.1Amount of Technological support
      F.2.2Comments on Technological support
      F.3.1Amount of capacity building support
      Conversion to USD: 2,587,322
      F.3.2Type of required capacity building support


      F.3.3Comments on Capacity Building support
      Capacity building support is needed for local communities on afforestation and market analysis for SME development (Phase I and II)
  • G Estimated emission reductions
    • G.1Amount
      G.2Unit
      G.3Additional imformation (e.g. if available, information on the methodological approach followed)
      The calculation of the GHG mitigation potential is based on field data reported by the two CDM projects, the Moldova Soil Conservation Project (UNFCCC, 2008) and the Moldova Community Forestry Development Project (UNFCCC 2012). The CDM projects carried out afforestation activities on degraded land throughout the country, therefore data is expected to be representative for afforestation sites under the NAMA, which will use similar species while operating at national scale. The projects were developed in line with the provisions of the CDM methodology AR-AM0002 “Reforestation of degraded lands through afforestation/reforestation” (UNFCCC, 2009). According to the CDM methodology AR-AM0002 the carbon sequestration potential of afforestation sites established by the NAMA is 2.13 MtCO2e for the period 2018-2031.    5.15 MtCO2e - for the period 2018-2046
  • H Other indicators
    • H.1Other indicators of implementation
      As MRV parameteres besides the sequestered carbon will be used parameters related to afforestation activities such as afforested area, number of trees  per plot, height of trees etc. Also will be included indicators related to biodiversity, gender equality, adaptation issues, among others. 
  • I Other relevant information
    • I.1Other relevant information including co-benefits for local sustainable development
      In addition to carbon sequestration, the NAMA will have an important impact on sustainable development in the Republic of Moldova by delivering tangible environmental, social and eco-nomic benefits to the population. Adaptation co-benefits will be delivered because afforestation of degraded land and the establishment of forest belts enhance soil productivity and protect soils from erratic weather events such as droughts and flooding, regulate hydrological cycles and micro-climates. Socio-economic benefits include an increase of formal employment opportunities for local people in afforestation, forest management and forest enterprises as well as an increase in supply of forestry products and non-timber forest products (NTFP) for rural populations. Moreover, the NAMA will make important contributions to achieve 8 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the new Agenda 2030 for sustainable development that was adopted by the United Nations (UN) in September 2015
  • J Relevant National Policies strategies, plans and programmes and/or other mitigation action
    • J.1Relevant National Policies

      In 2010, the Republic of Moldova joined the Copenhagen Accord and submitted an emission reduction target to the UNFCCC Secretariat.

      The Environmental Strategy for 2014-2023 and the action plan for its implementation were approved in 2014. According to the Strategy the net removal target is to increase GHG emission reduction by 25% by 2020 compared to the BAU.

      The draft of Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) is planned be adopted in 2016. The afforestation of 81,000 ha of degraded land is planned according to the document.

      In September 2015, the Republic of Moldova submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC which imply afforestation activities in reaching GHG emission reduction target.  

      Other documents oriented to afforestation are: Strategy for sustainable development of national forestry sector; Law on improvement of degraded land through afforestation; Moldova Climate Change Adaptation Strategy until 2020.

       
      J.2Link to other NAMAs
  • K Attachments
  • L Support received
    • L.1Outside the Registry
      L.2Within the Registry
      Support providedSupportTypeAmountCommentDate
      No records to display.